Evaluating What Makes A Medical Condition An ADA-Qualifying Disability
There is no list spelling out exactly which medical conditions are qualifying disabilities under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). Most medical conditions that you may automatically consider a covered disability are not, in fact, "automatic." Each situation must be evaluated on a case-by-case basis.
The determination of whether an individual has a disability is not necessarily based on the name or diagnosis of the impairment, but rather on the effect of that impairment on the life of the individual. The same types of impairments often vary in severity and often restrict different people to different degrees or in different ways.
Some impairments may be disabling for particular individuals but not for others, depending on the stage of the disease or disorder, the presence of other impairments that combine to make the impairment disabling, or any number of other factors.
To help you make the determination of whether or not an your disability qualifies under the ADA, here are a series of fact sheets on how the ADA applies to medical conditions. Here is some guidance on how to determine whether and when some common medical conditions qualify for ADA protection.
Substantial Limitation Of A Major Life Activity
Under the Americans with Disabilities Act, an impairment rises to the level of a disability if it substantially limits a major life activity.
The following pages will provide a comprehensive list of many (but not all) types of disabilities and definitions that will qualify you under the protection of the ADA of 1990 and the ADAA of 2008.